Income tax and National Insurance
As heavily rumoured, the planned cut in the basic rate of income tax from 20% to 19% has been brought forward to next tax year (April 2023) from April 2024. And in a surprise announcement, the Chancellor is also abolishing the top ‘additional rate’ of income tax which is currently 45% and paid by those earning over £150,000 for taxpayers in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
As the additional rate of income tax will be removed current additional rate taxpayers will also benefit from the Personal Savings Allowance of £500 for higher rate taxpayers.
The Chancellor reiterated that a recent rise in National Insurance will be reversed from 6 November. This will benefit all employees earning more than the annual equivalent of £12,570 in 2022-23. The average saving is around £330 next year and an additional saving of £135 this year. Additionally, 920,000 businesses will see an average tax cut of £9,600 in 2023-24.
Company Share Option Plan (CSOP)
From April 2023, qualifying companies will be able to issue up to £60,000 of CSOP options to employees, double the current £30,000 limit.
Pension charge cap and dividend rate cut
The government has confirmed it will bring forward draft regulations to reform the pensions regulatory charge cap. It will “remove well-designed performance fees from the occupational DC pension charge cap, ensuring that savers benefit from higher potential investment returns while providing clarity for institutional investors to help unlock investment into of the UK’s most innovative businesses and productive assets”.
Yesterday’s statement also confirmed the reversal of the 1.25% increase to income tax on dividends which was introduced from April. The reversal will take effect from April 2023.
The new dividend tax rates, which will apply across the UK, are:
|Tax band||Current rates||Rates from
Jonathan Watt-Lay, Director, WEALTH at work, comments; “Anything which helps savers to save more and boost their investment returns has to be a good thing. However, as always people need to understand the investment options available including the risks involved. And of course, financial education can help provide this knowledge. Some may even benefit from receiving regulated financial advice.”