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No initial burden on claimant to prove discrimination occurred

Makbool Javaid
Justice

In Efobi v Royal Mail Group Ltd, Efobi (E) claimed that his job applications were rejected because of his race. The ET said that under S.136 of the Equality Act 2010 E had to prove facts from which it could conclude that there had been discrimination. But, as he had failed to do so, his discrimination claims were dismissed. The EAT upheld E’s appeal. The ET had misdirected themselves about the effect of S.136 EA 2o10 by treating it as imposing an initial burden of proof on the Claimant. That may have been the case with the burden of proof prior to the EA 2010 coming into force, but S.136(2) does not put any burden on a Claimant.  It says, “If there are facts from which the court could decide, in the absence of any other explanation, that a person (A) contravened the provision concerned, the court must hold that the contravention occurred.” Therefore, at the end of the hearing the ET must consider all the evidence, from all sources, and then decide if the ‘facts’ point towards discrimination having taken place.


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