International tourist arrivals grew by a remarkable 7 percent in 2017 to reach a total of 1,322 million, according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. This strong momentum is expected to continue in 2018 at a rate of 4 percent-5 percent. Contributor Zurab Pololikashvili, Secretary-General – UNWTO.
Based on data reported by destinations around the world, it is estimated that international tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) worldwide increased 7 percent in 2017. This is well above the sustained and consistent trend of 4 percent or higher growth since 2010 and represents the strongest results in seven years.
Led by Mediterranean destinations, Europe recorded extraordinary results for such a large and rather mature region, with 8 percent more international arrivals than in 2016. Africa consolidated its 2016 rebound with an 8 percent increase. Asia and the Pacific recorded 6 percent growth, the Middle East 5 percent and the Americas 3 percent.
2017 was characterised by sustained growth in many destinations and a firm recovery in those that suffered decreases in previous years. Results were partly shaped by the global economic upswing and the robust outbound demand from many traditional and emerging source markets, particularly a rebound in tourism spending from Brazil and the Russian Federation after a few years of declines.
“International travel continues to grow strongly, consolidating the tourism sector as a key driver in economic development. As the third export sector in the world, tourism is essential for job creation and the prosperity of communities around the world.” said UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili. “Yet as we continue to grow we must work closer together to ensure this growth benefits every member of every host community, and is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals”.
Growth expected to continue in 2018
The current strong momentum is expected to continue in 2018, though at a more sustainable pace after eight years of steady expansion following the 2009 economic and financial crisis. Based on current trends, economic prospects and the outlook by the UNWTO Panel of Experts, UNWTO projects international tourist arrivals worldwide to grow at a rate of 4 percent-5 percent in 2018. This is somewhat above the 3.8 percent average increase projected for the period 2010-2020 by UNWTO in its Tourism Towards 2030 long-term forecast. Europe and the Americas are both expected to grow by 3.5 percent-4.5 percent, Asia and the Pacific by 5 percent-6 percent, Africa by 5 percent-7 percent and the Middle East by 4 percent-6 percent.
2017 results by UNWTO region
International tourist arrivals in Europe reached 671 million in 2017, a remarkable 8 percent increase following a comparatively weaker 2016. Growth was driven by the extraordinary results in Southern and Mediterranean Europe (+13 percent). Western Europe (+7 percent), Northern Europe and Central and Eastern Europe (both +5 percent) also recorded robust growth.
Asia and the Pacific (+6 percent) recorded 324 million international tourist arrivals in 2017. Arrivals in South Asia grew 10 percent, in South-East Asia 8 percent and in Oceania 7 percent. Arrivals to North-East Asia increased by 3 percent.
The Americas (+3 percent) welcomed 207 million international tourist arrivals in 2017, with most destinations enjoying positive results. South America (+7 percent) led growth, followed by Central America and the Caribbean (both +4 percent), with the latter showing clear signs of recovery in the aftermath of hurricanes Irma and Maria. In North America (+2 percent), robust results in Mexico and Canada contrasted with a decrease in the United States, the region’s largest destination.
Based on available data for Africa, growth in 2017 is estimated at 8 percent. The region consolidated its 2016 rebound and reached a record 62 million international arrivals. North Africa enjoyed a strong recovery with arrivals growing by 13 percent, while in Sub-Saharan Africa arrivals increased by 5 percent.
The Middle East (+5 percent) received 58 million international tourist arrivals in 2017 with sustained growth in some destinations and a strong recovery in others.
Note: All results in this release are based on preliminary data, as reported by the various destinations around the world, and on estimates by UNWTO of still-missing data. UNWTO will continue to collect data and will present more comprehensive data by country in the April issue of the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. Results for both Africa and the Middle East should be read with caution as they are based on limited available data.